Auschwitz was the largest concentration camp of the German Third Reich, claimed the most victims, and was the only concentration camp that functioned simultaneously as a centre for systematic extermination in gas chambers. The Memorial was created on the grounds of the former camp in 1947 through the initiative of some of the survivors. Its aim is to preserve the original remains of the camp, commemorate the victims, and carry out research and education. However today for the world Auschwitz is not only a memorial. It is also an essential part of our civilization. The word “Auschwitz” has become an eloquent cultural symbol and a synonym for the nadir of the human value system. With the passing of the last eyewitnesses, the role of the authenticity and integral nature of the Memorial is growing. The Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum is, alongside the Yad Vashem in Israel and the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, the best known and preeminent institution in the world that deals with the subject. Auschwitz Memorial is also the most visited museum in Poland – 2,152,000 people visited it in 2018.